This book uses the theory-testing variant of process tracing method as stipulated by Beach and Pedersen (2013) to test the “new-elite paradigm” of Field, Higley, and Burton (1990) in the case of regime oscillations in Pakistan. The book adopts a deductive approach towards testing the presence and functionality of civilian political elite disunity as a causal mechanism of regime oscillations and disruptions in the process of Pakistan’s democratic transition. I will highlight the limitations of structuralist theories to identify causal mechanisms of regime oscillations in the case of Pakistan and thus align this book in the elite-centric camp of regime transitology studies. The military in Pakistan has taken advantage of the weak disunified civilian political elite to penetrate into the domestic politics of Pakistan. This has been possible due to the continued willingness of Pakistan’s civilian political elite to collaborate with the military in the interest of short-term parochialistic political gains. Therefore Pakistan’s disunited civilian political elite should reflect on the political history of Pakistan and understand that they are the causal mechanism of regime oscillations in Pakistan. I, therefore, assert that unless and until there is no genuine transformation of Pakistan’s civilian political elite configuration from disunity to consensual unity any sort of regime change in Pakistan will always be strictly temporary without any exceptions.
Anish Mishra was born in Singapore, in 1992. He is currently a Ph.D. Candidate at the Institut für Politische Wissenschaft (IPW), Faculty of Economics and Social Sciences of Heidelberg University, Germany. The working title of his doctoral dissertation is “Patterns and Processes of Regime Oscillations in South and Southeast Asia”.
Prior to this, Anish Mishra studied Master of Arts in Development, Environment, Societies, and History in South Asia (MADESH) at the South Asia Institute (SAI), Heidelberg University, majoring in political science. Anish Mishra was also a research intern at the Institute of South Asian Studies (ISAS), National University of Singapore (NUS).
His main research expertise include; comparative politics, authoritarianism, Pakistan and Bangladesh domestic politics, South and Southeast Asian area studies, regime oscillations, hybrid regimes, democratisation, democratic backsliding, elite theory, civil-military relations, political settlement, and geopolitics.